THE UNITED STATES. 493
six 50-ton basic furnaces, one 40-inch blooming mill, 24-inch reversing structural mill, rod, sheet, tin plate, wire and nail mills.
SEC. XXIII.—Eastern Pennsylvania:
In addition to the Steelton district, already described, there are several seats of industry which should be mentioned in the eastern portion of Pennsylvania.
The Bethlehem Works was formerly one of the great rail producers, but has not rolled rails for many years. It is now engaged in making open-hearth steel forgings and has the most complete plant in the country for this work. It divides with the Carnegie Steel Company the work on armor plate for the war vessels of the United States, and turns out guns and shafts of the largest size. . .
In the neighborhood of Philadelphia are the Midvale Steel Company and the Pencoyd Works,. the Phcenixville Iron and Steel Company and the Tidewater Steel Company. The first of these does a large amount of work in the line of special steels and forgings, while Pencoyd and Phcenixville are known as bridge and structural shops. The Pencoyd Works came into general notice beyond the boundaries of the United States on account of the well-known Atbara Bridge • in the Soudan.
Considerable pig-iron is made in eastern Pennsylvania.' In the Lehigh Valley there are twenty-nine furnaces, and eighteen along the Schuylkill. Most of the product goes into the general foundry trade, but some is used in the neighboring steel plants. During recent years these furnaces have quite generally used the ores of Lake Superior with Connellsville coke.
In the neighborhood of Chester, not far from Philadelphia, there is a concentration of steel-casting plants, this being one of the centers in this line of work, while Coatesville, Pa., is prominent for its plate mills.
I have divided eastern Pennsylvania in a way somewhat different from that followed by Mr. Swank. He puts the Schuylkill Valley separate, but does hot include Philadelphia, which lies on both sides of this river. I have combined, under 'the title of southeast Pennsylvania, the plants of the Schuylkill Valley with those of Philadelphia., Chester and Delaware counties.
Table XXII-S gives a list of the plants in this district and shows its importance as a steel producer.